Biography Of William Henry Harrison

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William Henry Harrison (1773-1841)
Ninth President of the United States
from 4 March 1841 to 4 April 1841

William Henry Harrison elected ninth president of the United States, braved the cold, and the rainy weather of March to make the longest inauguration speech in American history. The speech was his only success and his biggest mistake: the former military hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe died of pneumonia 30 days later.

Biography Of William Henry Harrison

First Years

William Henry Harrison was born on February 9, 1773 in Berkeley, Virginia. His father Benjamin Harrison is one of the signatories of the Declaration of Independence, and his mother Elizabeth Basset are slave farmers involved in politics. Young Harrison grew up on the James River just 30 miles from Yorktown, where Cornwallis handed over to Washington. William, the youngest of seven children, learned to rely on himself at the beginning of life.

William Henry studied seriously at Hampden-Sydney College, Virginia for three years before moving to Philadelphia to study medicine with renowned physician Bernard Rush. William’s father died in 1791, leaving him almost destitute and unable to continue his studies. On the advice of a friend of his father, Governor Lee of Virginia, at 18 years he joined the army.

William’s mother died in 1793, inheriting some 3,000 acres and several slaves. Having begun his career in the army and distinguished himself from his superiors, William felt it would be wiser to sell his inheritance to his brother. There is no private family information about William Henry Harrison and his possible return to the family plantation.
Berkeley Plantation is the official site of the first Thanksgiving on December 4, 1619. Berkeley is also the birthplace of Benjamin Harrison, signatory of the “Declaration of Independence”, 9th President Willam Henry Harrison “Old Tippecanoe” son, the 23rd President Benjamin Harrison.

Biography Of William Henry Harrison


Military career

Governor Henry Lee of Virginia, a friend of the father of William Henry Harrison, having learned of the situation of William Henry Harrison after the death of his father persuaded him to join the army. 24 hours after meeting Lee, Harrison is assigned as a sign in the “US Army, 11th US Regt of Infantry”, he is 18 years old. It was first sent to Cincinnati in the Northwest Territory (which consists of present-day Ohio and part of Indiana and Illinois) where the army is engaged in the war of Northwest Indian on-going. He is under the command of General “Mad” Anthony Wayne.

General “Mad Anthony” Wayne took command of the West Army in 1792 following a disastrous defeat by his previous commander. Harrison was promoted to the rank of lieutenant in the summer of 1792 because of his strict respect for discipline, and the following year he was promoted to serve as aide-de-camp. It was from General Wayne that Harrison learned how to command an army successfully on the American border. Harrison participated in Wayne’s decisive victory at the battle of “Fallen Timbers” in 1794, which led the Northwest Indian War to a success for the United States. After the war, Lieutenant William H. Harrison was one of the signatories to the Treaty of Greenville of August 3, 1795, with a dozen Indian nations and tribes, which opened the present Ohio to colonization by Americans of European origin.
William Henry Harrison was promoted to captain and after Wayne’s death on 15 December 1796 he took command of Fort Washington. Feeling that the army’s career was not promising enough, Harrison resigned from the army on 1 June 1798.

Biography Of William Henry Harrison


Judge Symmes, who at the time became a member of Congress, used his contacts in Washington, DC, and President John Adams appointed Harrison Secretary of the Northwest Territory (1799).

With the help of his close friend, Secretary of State Timothy Pickering, it is recommended to replace the outgoing Secretary of the Northwest Territory. He was appointed to this post, during which he acted as governor during the frequent absences of Governor Arthur St. Clair.

From 1801 to 1813, he was Territorial Governor of Indiana.
War of 1812, Battle of Tippecanoe
The War of 1812 gave Harrison a way out of the deterioration of his personal political situation. He believed that the British were behind the uprising of Shawnee Tecumseh and his brother, the “prophet” Tenskwatawa. Tecumseh tries to intimidate Harrison to make concessions to the rejected demands of the American Indians, and a series of murders and attacks by the Shawnees increases tensions.

A few months before the War of 1812 against the United Kingdom, William Henry Harrison, as governor of Indiana, attempted to expel the Indian Nations from the Northwest Territories to settle American settlers there. On November 7, 1811, taking advantage of the absence of Chief Shawnee, Tecumseh, Harrison ascended the ” Wabash River ” to “Prophet’s Town” with a thousand men. The Indians decided to take the Americans by assault without delay. After a few hours of fighting, the Indian warriors ran out of ammunition, and retreated. Harrison earned his nickname “Tippecanoe” , the place where the battle took place.
Originally this portrait showed Harrison in plain clothes as a delegate of the Northwest Territories Congress in 1800,
but the uniform was added when it became famous during the War of 1812.

Biography Of William Henry Harrison


During the War of 1812, He wins other victories. The battle of Thames on Lake Erie led to the defeat of the alliance between English and Indians, Harrison’s men killed Tecumseh. His conduct against the Indians allied to the English earned him promotion to the rank of Major-General and he was then considered a national hero.

The victory of Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry over the British fleet on Lake Erie makes the British position in Michigan untenable, and Harrison picked up Detroit on 29 September1813.

In 1814, at the age of 41, Harrison resigned from the army, although the war was not over. This did not help his political career, and over the next 25 years he continued to campaign.

Marriage and Family

After meeting with Anna Tuthill Symmes in 1795, William asked his father, the eminent Judge John Cleves Symmes, for his hand, who refused. This did not stop William, who waited for Judge Symmes to be on a business trip, to run away with her and get married on 25 November 1795, just a month before Christmas. The newlyweds bought 160 acres of land in North Bend, but the judge remained concerned about Harrison’s prospects. They had 10 children between 1796 and 1814, six boys and four girls: Elizabeth Bassett, John Cleves Symmes, Lucy Singleton, William Henry, Jr., John Scott, Mary Symmes, Benjamin, Carter Bassett, Anna Tuthill and James Findlay

Biography Of William Henry Harrison



Political career

1799 – 1801
Judge Symmes, his father-in-law who at that time became a member of Congress, used his contacts in Washington, DC, and President John Adams appointed Harrison Secretary of the Northwest Territory (1799).

On October 3, 1799, in the first Legislature of Harrison Territory, he was elected to the American Congress by a vote of 11 to 10. While in Congress, Harrison was elected chairman of a committee for the revision of the laws of public lands. This committee made a report on the Land Act in 1800 to facilitate the sale of public land in the Northwest Territory.

1801 – 1813
From January 10, 1801 to 1813, he was Territorial Governor of Indiana (the future states of Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin and part of Minnesota). In 1810, he met the chief shawnee, Tecumseh. Tecumseh refuses to exchange Indian lands. In 1811, he began planning a military expedition against Tecumseh.

1816 – 1828
After the war he began a political career in the House of Representatives (Ohio deputy) in 1816 and until 1819. After his return to Ohio, he was elected to the State Senate. He is a fervent supporter of slavery and voting against all bills tending either to limit its extension or to restrict the rights of landlords. His position on extending slavery offends his constituents, so he failed the governor elections in 1820 and for the US House of Representatives in 1822, but he eventually won the US Senate election in (1825 – 1828 ) and is briefly ambassador to Colombia (December 1828 to March 1829).

Biography Of William Henry Harrison



1829 – 1836WH Harrison 1835
After returning to the United States in 1829, W. Harrison settled on his farm in North Bend, Ohio, his adopted state. There he lived in a relative retirement after 40 years of continuous government service. After not having accumulated any substantial fortune, he fed on his savings, a small pension, and income from his farm. Harrison was growing maize and established a distillery to produce whiskey. After a brief pass in the alcohol trade, concerned about the effects of alcohol on his consumers, he closed the distillery. In a speech later for the Hamilton County Agricultural Council in 1831, Harrison stated that he had sinned in the manufacture of whiskey, and hoped that,

Harrison lives above his means and has often been debts. Perhaps it was for this reason that he was constantly looking for better paid political appointments than many people felt. Between the years 1817 and 1840, he sees six of his ten children dying. The four other children will see their father move to the White House as the ninth President.

1836 – 1840
He is the candidate of the Whig party in the presidential election of 1836 where he is defeated by Democrat Van Buren.

Between 1836 and 1840, Harrison served as clerk of the Hamilton County Courts. This was his job when he was elected president in 1840.

In 1840, when W. Harrison campaigned for the presidency a second time, more than 12 books were published about his life, in which he was presented as a national hero. He represents, with John Tyler as a vice president, while the economic situation is degraded and is elected mainly because of his military past.

During the campaign, a print depicted William Henry Harrison standing in front of a log cabin with the legend “General Harrison, the true friend of the people.” Their campaign slogan “Old Tippecanoe and Tyler too” referred to Harrison’s defeat of Chief Shawnee, Tecumseh, at Tippecanoe Creek in 1811.

At age 67, William Henry Harrison became the oldest man elected president of the United States until Ronald Reagan was elected in 1980.

William Henry Harrison built his estate in Grouseland, Indiana, at the time of his political ascent, located in Vincennes today, Indiana, when he was Governor of the Northwest Territory. This is where he spent his Christmas holidays with his large family before his short visit to the White House.

Biography Of William Henry Harrison


Ninth President of the United States
1841WH Harrison 1841
• On March 4, William Henry Harrison was invested as the ninth President of the United States.

Harrison gives the longest inaugural speech in history, lasting 105 minutes, Harrison speaks without a coat, without a hat in an icy, rainy weather. He falls sick and dies 31 days later, pneumonia complicated by pleurisy. He died on April 4, 1841.

He was the first president to die in office; his mandate was the shortest.

His wife, Anna, never had the chance to be the first lady, but received a $ 25,000 widow’s pension and life postage privilege. President William Henry Harrison was buried in Ohio and the Whig party died with him.

Biography Of William Henry Harrison


John Tyler, his vice-president, succeeded him.

Domestic policy
It is clear that Harrison could not accomplish anything in a month’s warrant. His program consisted of “less state”. After the presidency of Andrew Jackson and a very personalized power, Harrison preferred to leave the work to the Congress.

The Whig Party had learned the lessons of the failures in previous elections and understood that the candidate’s personality was more important to the public than his program. Harrison was elected as the first candidate to campaign using current devices: slogans, advertising, meetings, etc. gadgets distribution, including insults and insinuations about the sex lives of competing candidates. He is depicted as a candidate from the people while his parents are part of the aristocracy plantière while its competitor, Martin Van Buren is portrayed as an aristocrat although its origins are more modest.

End of life
He died on April 4, 1841 at the White House in Washington DC, from a pneumonia. He is buried in North Bend, Ohio

His last words were: “I can not bear this.”

The importance of William Henry Harrison is not great. His term as president was truncated, and his career in federal politics was relatively poor. As for his military career, it can be said with certainty that in this field he was less incompetent than most of the principal military and civil leaders.

Biography Of William Henry Harrison


Highlights or anecdotes
William Henry Harrison was president when the Supreme Court ruled that 39 mutinous slaves of Amistad should be released. (1841).

His father was one of the signatories of the United States Constitution and one of his brothers, John Scott Harrison was a deputy.

When the Whig candidate was nominated, at the national convention, a ball more than three meters in diameter was constructed of rope, wood and tin that was covered with slogans in favor of the Party. She will travel the country during the election campaign which will give rise to the phrase “keep the ball rolling” used by Americans to persuade someone to continue his effort.

During the election campaign, we distribute whiskey mikes of the candidate made by the firm Booz. This is the origin of the slang word “booze” used by the Americans to designate all strong alcohols.

William Henry Harrison remained the oldest president, elected to 68 years, before the election of Ronald Reagan. He is also the first president to die during his term. He becomes the chairman with the shortest term.

Biography Of William Henry Harrison


His grandson Benjamin Harrison will become the 29th president in 1889.

” Old Tippecanoe “

Recognition – Eponymous
“Give him a barrel of hard cider and settle a pension of two thousand a year on him, and my word for it, he will sit by the sea of ​​fire, and study moral philosophy.”
In a Democratic Journal, about Harrison during the campaign of 1840.


Martin Van Buren

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