Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry from 1 January 1904 – June 2 1982 was the fifth president of Pakistan 1973-1978, before the martial law led by the Chief of Staff Ziaul Haq. (see the code name Fair Play)
After the promulgation of the country’s successful constitution in 1973, Chaudhry was elected president, succeeded, and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto became the first president of the class of the Punjab province of Punjab. Playing an active role in the movement of Pakistan through the Muslim League, Chaudhry was appointed minister Liaquat Ali Khan in 1947 and joined the delegation of the permanent representative of Pakistan to the United Nations in 1951.
His presidency was only a figurehead under the constitution, since the title of government operations remained the authority of the prime minister. After the success of Fair Play, a code name for the operation to oust Zulfikar Ali Bhutto from power, Chaudhry continued his presidency but had no influence on government operations or military and national affairs. After the conflictive relations with the military, Chaudhry was dismissed from his post after resigning his presidency, despite the insistence of the Chief of Staff and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. September 16, 1978, Chaudhry gave the position of the Presidency, in general, military Zia-ul-Haq, who succeeded him in the sixth president, in addition to being the Chief Martial Law and the Chief of Cabinet staff.
Biography Of Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry was born on January 1, 1904 in an influential family of Gujjar  in the town of Marala, near the city of Kharian in the district of Gujrat, in the province of Punjab. After receiving his education from there, Chaudhry joined the prestigious University of Aligarh in 1920, receiving his Bachelor of Civil Law in 1924. Thereafter, Chaudhry returned to Punjab and studied at the University of Punjab in law and Political Sciences. In 1925, Chaudry obtained his Master’s Degree in Political Science in 1925 and LLM advanced in Law and Justice in 1927.
After completing his studies, Chaudhry established his law firm in Lahore, advocating for civil rights and freedoms, and returned to Gujrat and began practicing civil law. In 1930, he became interested in politics and participated in India’s general election in 1930 for the Gujrat District Council and was elected without opposition.
He joined the Muslim League in 1942. In 1945, he was elected to Gujrat as president of the Muslim League. He participated in the elections of 1946 in the draft law of the Muslim League and played an important role in propagating the ideas of the Muslim League among the people of his region. After the independence of Pakistan, Chaudhry became involved in the new government, winning high positions in the National Assembly.
After independence, he was appointed parliamentary secretary. Later he was appointed Minister of Education and Health. In 1951, he challenged the elections of the Legislative Assembly of Punjab on the draft law of the Muslim League and was elected as a member of the Punjab Assembly. In 1952, he represented Pakistan in the United Nations. In the 1956 elections, he was elected a member of the Assembly of Western Pakistan. Chaudhry was the President from May 20, 1956 to October 7, 1958. In 1962, when Ayub Khan announced the elections, he was elected deputy leader of the opposition on the basis of his experience and knowledge of parliamentary procedures. Chaudhry joined the Muslim League of the Convention, and after the elections of 1956 he was elected vice president of the National Assembly.
Biography Of Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
He was elected a member of the National Assembly in 1970 on the ticket of the People’s Party of Pakistan and was then elected as the President of the National Assembly. Finally he joined the People’s Party of Pakistan. He challenged the 1972 presidential election against Khan Amirzadah Khan of NAP and all opposition parties and was appointed president in 1973, when PPP leader Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was appointed prime minister.
Chaudhry was largely a figurehead, and was the first Pakistani president with less power than the prime minister. This was due to the new 1973 constitution that gave the prime minister power; Previously, the president had been the leader of Pakistan and had the power to appoint the prime minister.
Fazal Elahi Chaudhry remained President until 1978, when he resigned after the military took control of the government under General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.
Chaudhry died on 2 June 1982 at the age of 78.