Biography of Mohammad Ali Jinnah

Our today topic is Mohammad Ali Jinnah.We will share the biography of Mohammad Ali Jinnah.Mohammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948), founder of Pakistan and the first Governor-General of the country (1947-1948). One of the most important moderate Muslim politicians of the 20th century on the Indian subcontinent.Mohammad Ali Jinnah His outstanding political achievement was the establishment of an independent state for the Muslims on the Indian subcontinent. The constituent assembly Constituent Assembly of Pakistan gave Mohammad Ali Jinnah the title Quaid-e-Azam (Great Leader).Mohammad Ali Jinnah was born on December 25, 1876 in Karachi. At the age of 16, Mohammad Ali Jinnah went to England to law school, which completed in two years and returned in 1896 back home. Mohammad Ali Jinnah settled first in Karachi and later in Bombay as a lawyer. At the beginning of his career, his law firm did not run to his expectation, so worked temporarily as a judge (Presidency Magistrate). Soon thereafter Mohammad Ali Jinnah worked again as a lawyer and soon became famous as one of India’s leading and brilliant lawyers across the country and became politically active.

Biography of Mohammad Ali Jinnah

Already in 1909 Jinnah was elected for the first time in the now approved by the British People’s Representative, the Imperial Legislative Council. As a protest against the Rowlatt Act, he resigned in 1918 his mandate in the Imperial Legislative Council. At the beginning of his political activities, Jinnah initially worked as a member of the Indian National Congress. In 1910/1911 he was asked by the All India Muslim League to give a speech at their annual meeting. Later, he also acquired the membership of the All India Muslim League and played a crucial role in it. In 1913 he was elected president of the Muslim League. Mohammad Ali JinnahSince he was both a member of both the Indian National Congress Party and he Muslim League, he sat down for a balance between the Hindus and Muslims. Considering his mediating role between Hindus and Muslims, he was highly respected as the “Ambassador of the Hindu-Muslim unity” in both parties. At Jinnah’s suggestion, the Muslim League appointed a political reform committee, which in November 1916 met with the Congress Party committee in Calcutta to develop a joint proposal for political reform. As a result of these negotiations, the so-called “Lucknow Pact” was concluded between the two parties against a joint action by the Muslim League and Congress Party. At Jinnah’s suggestion, the Muslim League appointed a political reform committee, which in November 1916 met with the Congress Party committee in Calcutta to develop a joint proposal for political reform. As a result of these negotiations, the so-called “Lucknow Pact” was concluded between the two parties against a joint action by the Muslim League and Congress Party. At Jinnah’s suggestion, the Muslim League appointed a political reform committee, which in November 1916 met with the Congress Party committee in Calcutta to develop a joint proposal for political reform. As a result of these negotiations, the so-called “Lucknow Pact” was concluded between the two parties against a joint action by the Muslim League and Congress Party.

Biography of Mohammad Ali Jinnah

In 1920, Jinnah overcame the Congress Party, partly because of Mohandas Gandhi’s policy of civil disobedience to the British. Mohammad Ali JinnahAlways endeavoring to settle the Hindu-Muslim differences, Jinnah formulated a compromise proposal of 14 points in 1929 and attended three Round Table Conferences in London between 1930 and 1932. Out of disappointment with his futile attempts at the conferences, he remained as a lawyer in London and did not return to India until 1934, when he was again elected President of the Muslim League, which office he served until founding and then until his death on 11 September 1948 Had in.

Biography of Mohammad Ali Jinnah

After the elections of 1937 – which were held after the entry into force of the 1935 constitution (the Government of India Act of 1935), the congress party no longer complied with the “Lucknow Pacts”. The Congress Party rejected the formation of a coalition with the Muslim League. Namely, in the 1937 elections,Mohammad Ali Jinnahthe Indian National Congress under Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru won a majority in seven out of eleven provinces and refused to enter into coalition governments with the Muslim League, as Jinnah had proposed in accordance with the “Lucknow Pact” agreements. This sealed the breach between Hindus and Muslims, which was the main reason for the later political split between the Muslim League and the Congress Party,

Biography of Mohammad Ali Jinnah

On March 23, 1940, the Muslim League adopted in its annual assembly the resolution, later known as the Pakistan Resolution, calling for a separate state for the Indian Muslims.
In 1946, Jinnah accepted the British proposal,Mohammad Ali Jinnah “Cabinet Mission Plan,” which provided Muslims with greater regional autonomy within an undivided India, but this plan failed because the Congress, led by Jawahar Lal Nehru, agreed to the Cabinet Mission Plan “was withdrawn and unwilling to give the Muslims in India the rights guaranteed by the Cabinet Mission Plan. This led to civil war riots, and the British were forced to finally agree to divide India and establish a separate and independent state, Pakistan, for the Muslims on the Indian subcontinent. After tough negotiations with the British in Simla (Simla Conference), A plan for the partition of India was arranged and this plan was realized by the adoption of “Indian Independence Act”. Mohammad Ali JinnahThe state of Pakistan was ransacked on August 14, 1947, and Mohammed Ali Jinnah became the first governor-general of Pakistan. As soon after the founding of Pakistan, Jinnah died on September 11, 1948 in Karachi.

 

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